IBEX

IBEX
IBEX (Heb. יָעֵל, ya'el; AV, JPS "wild goat"), the wild goat Capra ibex nubiana, a wild animal permitted for food. Only the ibex and the gazelle have survived from over ten species of cloven-hoofed ruminants which inhabited Ereẓ Israel in former times. Because of its tasty meat, the ibex was much sought after by hunters but escaped extinction through its ability to exist on precipitous mountains in desert regions, such as En-Gedi, Elath, and the Negev heights. Able to jump from rocks and to climb steep rock faces, it was called ya'el in Hebrew (and waʿl in Arabic), a word derived from the root meaning "to ascend." The "rocks of the ibex" in the neighborhood of En-Gedi have served as a hiding place at various times. David fled there from Saul (I Sam. 24:1–3) and Bar Kokhba's fighters took refuge in the caves. Ibex live in herds. The male has horns reaching up to 39 in. (one meter) in height, the female short, sharp ones. The beauty of the ibex and the remarkable way it lives among the rocks of the desert have been used as poetic motifs (Job 39:1; Ps. 104:18); the name ya'alat ḥen (a graceful female ibex) is given to a beautiful woman (Prov. 5:19). Jael (Judg. 4:17) and Jaalah (Ezra 2:56), both derived from the Hebrew for ibex, occur in the Bible as women's names. A shofar made of the long horn of an ibex was blown in the Temple on the New Year (RH 3:3) and to proclaim the Jubilee year (RH 3:5). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: I. Aharoni, Torat ha-Ḥai, 1 (1923), 85; F.S. Bodenheimer, Animal Life in Palestine (1935), 112. ADD BIBLIOGRAPHY: Feliks, Ha-Ẓome'aḥ, 239. (Jehuda Feliks)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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Synonyms:
(Capra ibex)


Look at other dictionaries:

  • IBEX 35 — Stammdaten Staat Spanien Börse Bolsa de Madrid ISIN ES0SI0000005 WKN 969223 Symbol I35 RIC ^I …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • ibex — ⇒IBEX, subst. masc. ZOOL. Synon. sc. de bouquetin. Ibex des Alpes, ibex espagnol. Timopht s élança avec la rapidité de l ibex pour exécuter les ordres du pharaon (GAUTIER, Rom. momie, 1858, p. 282). Prononc. : [ ]. Étymol. et Hist. 1561 (A.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Ibex — puede referirse a: IBEX 35, índice bursátil español. Capra ibex, nombre científico del íbice o cabra salvaje de los Alpes. Interstellar Boundary Explorer (IBEX), sonda espacial de la NASA. Intrepid Ibex, el nombre clave de la versión 8.10 de… …   Wikipedia Español

  • IBEX 35 — Дата начала расчёта 14 января 1992 года …   Википедия

  • ibex — ÍBEX, ibecşi, s.m. Varietate de capră sălbatică cu coarne mari şi curbate (Capra ibex). – Din lat. [Capra] ibex, numele ştiinţific al animalului. Trimis de gall, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DEX 98  ibex s. m., pl. ibecşi Trimis de siveco, 10.08.2004.… …   Dicționar Român

  • IBEX-35 — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Ibex. L Ibex 35 est le principal indice boursier de la Bourse de Madrid élaboré par Bolsas y Mercados Españoles. Il est composé de 35 entreprises dont le poids est pondéré par leur capitalisation boursière.… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ibex — I bex ([imac] b[e^]ks), n.; pl. E. {Ibexes} ([imac] b[e^]ks*[e^]z), L. {Ibices} ([imac]b [i^]*s[=e]z). [L., a kind of goat, the chamois.] (Zo[ o]l.) One of several species of wild goats having very large, recurved horns, transversely ridged in… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • IBEX — steht für: IBEX 35, spanischer Aktienindex Interstellar Boundary Explorer, Forschungssatellit Ibex steht für: Capra ibex, der Alpensteinbock oder Gemeine Steinbock eine Rockband, bei der 1969 Freddie Mercury gesungen hat …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ibex — (Steinbock), Untergattung der Gattung Ziege, ausgezeichnet durch knotige Hörner. Dahin gehört der Gemeine Steinbock (Capra Ibex) u. der Kaukasische Steinbock (I. caueasica) …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • ibex — (n.) c.1600, from L. ibex wild goat of the Alps and Apennines, from a pre Latin Alpine language. The German steinbock …   Etymology dictionary

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